Step by Step Details on a Research Process
How and where to start a research is a common question that baffles PhD scholars. Before commencing research design, it is better to have a detailed understanding of the research process. This article talks about the research process in detail that can help you set in motion for your research.
Step 1: Scoe
To formulate a research problem, the first step is to identify the scope of our study. Once the scope of our study is crystallised,
Step 2: Extensive Literature Review
Extensive literature review includes sorting of journals, bibliographies, conference proceedings, government reports, books, and any other material that is pertaining to your research area. Browse articles on the internet to get more information on your research topic. This will give you the complete knack about what has been done earlier and what is to be done. This would work as a basis for making strategies to complete your research work.
Step 3: Development of Hypotheses
A hypothesis includes logical assumptions that determine the empirical consequences of research. It includes a particular way to scrutinise the quality of data that help you stay in the boundaries of your research topic. Now the question is how to develop hypotheses?
Discuss with your colleagues and supervisors about your research problem, its origin, and objectives. Examine the data carefully for finding trends and clues and discuss them with your supervisors.
Step 4: Research Design
A research design is used as a medium that helps produce authentic results. There are several types of research designs and their use depends upon your research area. Research designs include explanatory, descriptive, exploratory, qualitative, and quantitative models. Your supervisor can help you in deciding which research design would be better to solve your purpose. A good research draft includes:
- The means of obtaining information
- Skills that are to be used to complete a research project
- Data collection methods
- The intended outcome
- The time available for research
Step 5: Collecting data
Data can be collected through several ways such as observation, personal interviews, telephonic interviews, questionnaires etc. The observation method involves the collection of information by own examination. This method is expensive as well as produces limited information and therefore not relevant in case of large samples.
Personal interviews are conducted to collect the latest information in a more structured way. Telephonic conversations are held when you have limited time. However, it is not common. Questionnaires are widely used to collect information as respondents can fill up when they have time. Questionnaires should be prepared in a savvy way so that you can collect the most appropriate information related to your research field.
Step 6: Data Analysis
Data analysis refers to the use of coding, tabulation, statistical presentation, development of theories, exploration of correlations and regressions, refinement of themes etc to transform raw data into manageable and meaningful one. Further analysis will be done on these initial findings.
Step 7: Preparation of a Report
Finally you have to prepare a report of what you have done. It should state a clear objective of your research, methodologies adopted to conduct research, the scope of the study and its limitations, a statement of findings, main body, and a precise conclusion.
If Still you are facing issues with research process you can take help of some expert organizations like Chanakya Research and Five Vidhya.